Postrate Cancer: Types of Treatment

What’s a Prostate ???

The prostate is a walnut-sized gland located between the bladder and the penis. 

The prostate is just in front of the rectum. 

The Prostate helps aid urine control 

The urethra runs through the center of the prostate, from the bladder to the penis, letting urine flow out of the body. 

The prostate secretes fluid that nourishes and protects sperm.

Knowing what prostate cancer is, let’s get on to what Prostate Cancer is….

Prostate cancer is cancer that occurs in the prostate — a small walnut-shaped gland in men that produces the seminal fluid that nourishes and transports sperm, and cancer is basically A disease in which abnormal cells divide uncontrollably and destroy body tissue.

Facts about Prostate Cancer….

-Prostate cancer is one of the very common cancers in men.

-some types of prostate cancer may grow slowly and may need minimal or no treatment 

-some types grow very aggressively and spreads quickly 

– the types that are detected early and confined to the prostate gland has a better chance of successful treatment..

You should also note that It is the second-leading cause of cancer deaths for men in the U.S. About 1 in 9 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their lifetime. 

This year, nearly 191,000 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer.

Growths in the prostate can be benign (not cancer) or malignant (cancer).

Benign growths (like benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH):

-Are rarely a threat to life

-Don’t invade the tissues around them

-Don’t spread to other parts of the body

-Can be removed and can grow back very slowly (but usually don’t grow back)


Malignant growths (prostate cancer):

-May sometimes be a threat to life

-Can spread to nearby organs and tissues (such as the bladder or rectum)

-Can spread (metastasize) to other parts of the body (like lymph nodes or bone) 

-Often can be removed but sometimes grow back

Prostate cancer cells can spread by breaking away from a prostate tumor. They can travel through blood vessels or lymph nodes to reach other parts of the body. After spreading, cancer cells may attach to other tissues and grow to form new tumors, causing damage where they land.

Causes  of Prostate Cancer…..

Actually according to research no one knows why or how prostate cancer starts. 

Autopsy studies show 1 in 3 men over the age of 50 have some cancer cells in the prostate. 

Eight out of ten “autopsy cancers” found are small, with tumors that are not harmful.

Even though there is no known reason for prostate cancer, there are many risks associated with the disease.

Risk factors include;

-Age (more likely to occur in men of 55yrs and above)

-Family History 





-exposure to chemicals, such as the herbicide Agent Orange

-inflammation of the prostate (prostatitis)

-sexually transmitted infections


Symptoms of Prostate Cancer…

In its early stages, prostate cancer often has no symptoms. 

When symptoms do occur, they can be like those of an enlarged prostate or BPH. 

Prostate cancer can also cause symptoms unrelated to BPH.

 If you have urinary problems, talk with your healthcare provider about them.

However if the symptoms do occur, they can be the following;

-Dull pain in the lower pelvic area

-Frequent urinating

-Trouble urinating, pain, burning, or weak urine flow

-Blood in the urine (Hematuria) 

-Painful ejaculation

-Pain in the lower back, hips or upper thighs

-Loss of appetite

-Loss of weight

Some Advanced Symptoms include; 

-bone fracture (in the hips, shoulders, lower back or upper thighs)

-edema, or swelling in the legs or feet


-changes in bowel habits


For someone to be diagnosed of Prostate cancer, the following must be present;

-The Individual  should be above 55yrs 

-There should be presence of some of the symptoms stated above 

-One should have a personal or family history of Prostate cancer

– A blood test to assess PSA levels will be conducted by your doctor

-A urine test to look for other biomarkers will be carried out

-A physical examination, which may include a digital rectal exam (DRE)

During a DRE, the doctor will check manually for any abnormalities of the prostate with their finger.

If some of the above are positive, one can be diagnosed of Prostate cancer

Treatment of Prostate Cancer is dependent on the severity or stage of the condition.

Some of which are;

-Watchful waiting or monitoring


-Hormonal Therapy 



Effects of Prostate Cancer on Fertility…..

The prostate gland plays a role in sexual reproduction. 

Prostate cancer and many of its treatments affect fertility in several ways.

For example, if a male has surgery to remove either the prostate gland or the testicles, it will affect semen production and fertility.

Also, radiation therapy can affect prostate tissue, damaging sperm and reducing the amount of semen for transporting it.

Hormonal treatment can also affect fertility.

However, some options for preserving these functions include:

-extracting sperm directly from the testicles for artificial insemination

Note that, there is no guarantee that fertility will remain intact after treatment for prostate cancer. 

Anyone who would like to have children after treatment should discuss fertility options with their doctor when they devise their treatment plan.

Foods that are good for prostate enlargement are;

A diet rich in fruits, vegetables, and healthy fats is thought to protect the prostate.

Also the following can help one with an enlarged prostate;





-Onions and Garlic 

Foods to Avoid..,

A healthful diet for an enlarged prostate is more than just eating good foods.

 It also means avoiding other types of foods that are not good for the prostate and those foods are as follows; 

-Red meat 




-Limit salt intake 

Managing an Enlarged Prostate Gland…

Dietary changes can be quite effective in managing some of the symptoms of BPH, but other basic lifestyle changes can help as well.

Some strategies that may ease BPH symptoms include:

-managing stress

-quitting smoking

-avoiding fluids in the evening to reduce nighttime urination

-emptying the bladder completely when urinating

-avoiding medications that can worsen symptoms, such as antihistamines, diuretics, and decongestants if possible

-trying bladder training exercises

-limiting fluid intake to 2 liters of liquids each day

NB: If these lifestyle changes are not effective, medication or surgery may be recommended by a doctor.